• The collective???

  • shadow self




  • Master morality

    • strength and honor > Uberman

  • slave morality

    • Christians the herd

    • Christianity labels sexlessness, submission, weakness, obedience, not being able to take revenge as good and praised


  • humiliation of what we desired but cannot have

  • envy is generally perceived as negative; it is an indication of what we one day will become

  • resisting the urge to deny the gap of one i one's life for the sake for inner convenience

  • we must face our true desires and misfortunes with honestly, and put up a heroic fight to honor them

  • Admit to the strength to envy and the scale of our regret without falling prey to defensive philosophies of denial

The Superman (Uberman)

  • psychological superior - human beings have not finished evolving

  • nearest person to become superman: Johann Wolfgang van gothe, Napoleon, Julius Caesar

  • Make their own values, carve their own paths

  • Qualities: Selfish in strategic way. never resentful of other's successes, accept suffering as a necessary component, not humble but delighted by their own abilities,gentle with the weak, interested in the practical application of culture of raise the mentality of society.

  • Being great requires disturbing qualities, and is interested in the salvation of humanity through culture

  • Superman = the person we want to become . This idea helps us refine our own ambitions

Amor Fati — Love of one's fate

  • definition

    • resolute acceptance of whatever occurred be it good or bad — a virtue

    • absolute love of our fate — que sera, sera

    • formula for greatness in human being

  • Will-to-power

  • we do not be consistent, we need ideas at hand to salve our wounds

    • mental toolkit to have more than one ideas (swiss army knife)

Eternal Recurrence

  • litmus test of Amor Fati

  • Imagine time is structured circularly - repetition of all the lives we live

God is dead

  • reformation of culture with philosophy and arts insteads of factory model

Beyond Good and Evil

  • what is done out of love always take place beyond good and evil

  • If you are awake to reality, you should be uncomfortable because our existence is precarious and terrifying. We should refuse be trapped into comfortable falsehoods, = puts you at odds with society and universe that encourages you have a slave morality.


  • we forgot to notice we are alive; we not

  • Das sein (being)

    • to question and be delighted by the every day things

    • appreciation of our limited time before being consumed by das nichts

  • Das nichts (nothing)

    • everything is connected yet we separate them with labels

  • We forget to free and live for ourselves; thrown into the world at the start of life (throwness)

    • rise up to universal perspective: inauthenticity to authenticity

    • we are inclined conform to the chatters from society (they-self)

    • when we faced with our deaths, we can escape das nichts and

    • lead better lives by spending more time in graveyards

    • we need reminders and emboldening to take it seriously

Jean Paul-Sartre

Existentialism - Being and nothingness

  • Things are weirder than we think — more uncanny than it appears - the absurdity of the world

    • radical strangeness without prejudices

  • we are free

    • life is as rich as they are strange - angoisee

    • everything is terrifyingly possible

  • we shouldn't live in bad faith

    • we should not be attached to the narratives we create (eg. a waiter), you are a free creature

  • We are free to dismantle capitalism

    • things do not have to be the way you are

    • create new institutions, habits, outlooks and ideas

    • life do not have pre-ordained logic and is not inherently meaningful

  • Bad faith

    • we lies to ourselves in order to spare ourselves from short-term pain but in return suffer long-term psychological impoverishment

    • we lie about not having enough option - defense for our character but we do , we are far more free than we think we are

    • Negative ecstasy - we blame circumstances and other people

      • we close off the opportunities for changing and improving our lives

      • we are trapped in the narrative we write for ourselves, and force ourselves that things are normal and okay to make ourselves content

      • natural outcome of how mind works

      • we are as free as we really are

    • being precedes essence

Nick BoStrom

  1. Human beings have gone extinct before we develop reality simulation technology

  2. Humanity has developed the reality simulation technlogy but also ethical reasons not to use it

  3. If humanity has developed the technology, we are more likely to be in one of the simulated realities reather than the base reality


  • language as organic life-form

  • ​

  • ​


Will and representation

  • influenced by eastern doctrines (Buddhism)

  • subconscious will to strive for more things

  • Will to life - a force more superior to moral sense, logic , reason

    • makes us focus on sex — fall in love and propagate species > having children

    • love is the feeling that makes the rational being we are irrational

    • Knowing that having a child will incur financial, emotional, opportunity, psychological risks, yet we still do it because of the feeling

    • love is not just a feeling, it's an irrational primal instinct

  • the Will-to-life makes you attracted to people who are ideal partners for purpose of producing "balanced children"

    • we are attracted to qualities that compensate for our weaknesses or missing traits

  • We are just like animals - like moles

    • pitiful as they push them themselves to propagate no matter what situations

  • Spend more time with art and philosophy to quell the will-to-life and look at life without illusions

  • Life has no intrinsic worth but is kept in motion merely by desire and illusions



Michael Foucault

Discipline & Punish

  • Punishment has shifted from an execution spectacle to abstract silent discreet incarceration

    • the primary function was not justice but to maintain social order and preserving power structure

    • shift from physical punishment of the body to discipline and reformation of person mind

    • a strict inmate time schedule conditions them to adhere to commands and no time for criminal activities; reformation of people's mind

  • Panopticon

    • a type of institutional building and a system of control designed in 18th century by Jeremy Bentham. It consists of a central observation tower placed with a circle of prison cells, and from the tower the guards can see everyone but the prisoners can see into the tower.

    • it is more than an ideal way of incarceration but a new mode of obtaining power of mind over mind, in a quantity hitherto without example. This can be implemented in a school, factory, military, and corporation to produce "good" employees, students, or people.

    • As long chain is long enough for them not to feel like a prisoner, and given narrow parameters for what is deemed good which people will fall into and they will police themselves to stay that way and they will feel the pressure to adhere normalized standard of behavior at all time due to surveillance (timesheets, monitoring activities, supervisors, camera, deadlines),normalization (being professional, attire, courteous, team-player), examination (productivity / work review)

    • Implemented in religious groups

    • we are a subject of being control but also an active participant in the system and unknowingly support the power structure

  • Modern day

    • a tax evader will be less likely to go to prison because the goal of prison to reform criminal to fit an pre-existing mold of what a normal person is

    • we label normal and abnormal

    • we obsessed with serial killers and criminals in media because they break the rules and show us who we really are: law-abiding active participants in social prison

    • we are given standards through media that we hold as fact: what is beauty, how our body should look, what you should care about, what you can say and cannot,

    • we are prisoners that being reformed in the cell and also the warden in the center of panopticon. we created a world of under surveillance by ourselves eg body image, mental health and illnesses

  • 3 prong method disciplinary concept; surveillance, normalization, examination

    • surveillance - constant watch

    • normalization - what a "normal" inmate should behave

    • examination - people of power and authority gives you a score of how you perform

  • Knowledge is power

    • power lies not in the limited privilege elites but in the knowledge

    • Knowledge is not objective facts but findings of current dominant set of cultural disoucse s and it methods used that uses to chop up and make sense the world

      • we arrive at knowledge using science;

      • man is recent invention that recently reaching its expiration. only in 1600s that people focus on human.

    • True power lies in the ability to dictate the parameter people used to understand foundational things about their existence, what it means to be a human being, how they fit into world, the vocabulary they used to think about who they are, things that matters to them and they would use their economic and political resources to pursue in this world.

  • Questions

    • where do you see the panopticon concept being practices?

    • in schools? academic title of success,employer visits,

    • at the workplace

We live in a social panopticon where we believe we are constantly watched, we fall in line and behave like sheeps herding toward what is normal or acceptable. Surveillance, normalization and examination produce harmless, non-rebellious,working ,tax-paying citizens follow rules and satisfied with the life with conforming normalized standards of what it means to be person handed down to them from above. docile useful subjects that carry out the vision of the future given people in power

Recommended readings

  • Midnight Gospel episode 5: "Annihilation of Joy"

  • Rick & Morty

  • Psychopass

  • Philosophize this #121